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Cave rescue: Key questions answered

Journalists outside the Thai caves July 2018

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Positive information about the rescue are simplest now coming to mild

After 17 days underground, all of the Thai boys and their soccer trainer have safely escaped from the Tham Luang cave complicated.

A group of Thai and world divers fastened a perilous and sophisticated rescue to deliver the lads out, and main points of the bid are nonetheless rising now.

BBC correspondent Jonathan Head has replied one of the core questions concerning the boys, the rescue try, and what occurs subsequent.

Why did the youngsters cross so deep into the cave?

We will be able to now not know that till we pay attention from them and their assistant trainer, Ekkapol ‘Ek” Chantawong.

On that Saturday they have been scheduled to play a fit, which was once cancelled, in line with head trainer Nopparat Kanthawong. He scheduled a coaching consultation as an alternative.

The men have been willing cyclists so at the Fb chat workforce during which they communicated with the oldsters, trainer Ek instructed they cycle to the soccer box.

There was once no advice there that they might cross directly to the caves.

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A Fb photograph displays the trainer with one of the younger footballers

Saturday was once the 16th birthday of Pheeraphat ‘Night time’ Sompiengjai, and a neighborhood store mentioned the lads spent greater than 700 baht (US$22) on meals to rejoice, a big sum on this house.

Trainer Nop describes Ek as being very kind-hearted and dedicated to the lads. He thinks the lads persuaded him to head with them into the caves. The caves are well known within the house and were explored via the lads earlier than.

The most efficient wager is that they went somewhat deep, which is straightforward when they’re dry, were given stuck via emerging flood water, and have been pressured to head even deeper.

What sort of conversation have the youngsters had with their oldsters and why are they now not being allowed to look them?

The legitimate rationalization is they’re vulnerable from their ordeal and probably at risk of an infection.

Those are actually very valuable lives in Thailand. A large effort has been made to get them out alive. The Thai government are taking no probabilities.

thailand cave rescue first footage emerges of boys in hospital - Cave rescue: Key questions answered

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Media captionThe men give victory indicators as they get better in medical institution

Possibly in addition they sought after to steer clear of the thrill of seeing their oldsters once more. Thais are usually much less bodily than westerners. Hugging is ordinary.

And the oldsters are from deficient, marginal communities, used to being informed what to do via officers, and most likely thankful for the lengths the federal government went to in rescuing them. They wouldn’t protest.

They have been allowed to look them thru home windows, and are step by step being allowed in, dressed in gloves and facemasks, to face in the similar room.

Will trainer Ek face any disciplinary complaints?

At this degree that turns out not likely. The oldsters say they have got forgiven him, and they’re thankful for the efforts he’s reported to have made to stay their spirits up within the caves, specifically thru meditation, which he discovered throughout 12 years as a monk.

  • Meet the Thai boys who have been trapped in a cave
  • How did the lads continue to exist underground?

Trainer Nop mentioned Ek is also requested to return to being a monk for 3 months, one thing Thais in most cases do as one of those penance, or to fill up or cleanse themselves spiritually.

This type of transfer would make a large number of sense to Thais, and he would most likely be allowed to renew lifestyles as standard after that.

Additionally Thailand in most cases does now not have a ‘blame tradition’, the place a wrongdoer will have to be discovered for any misadventure. There’s a extra fatalistic acceptance of items going improper, much less public clamour for duty.

How did they continue to exist see you later with so little meals, and lose so little weight?

The men have been within the caves 9 days earlier than they have been discovered. They will have had just a little meals from what they purchased to rejoice Night time’s birthday. They’re passionate soccer gamers, very are compatible, and with the educational they have got had a tight-knit group.

This might have helped them ration their meals moderately and toughen each and every different, most likely with songs.

1531097806 172 thai cave rescue remaining boys wait for operation to resume - Cave rescue: Key questions answered

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Media captionKid psychiatrist: “It’ll be a problem for those kids to return to standard lifestyles”

Trainer Ek taught them to meditate, say Thai army divers, and gave them extra meals than he ate. He additionally informed them to drink water dripping from the rocks, relatively than polluted flooring water.

Right through their ultimate six to 8 days they have been being fed, to begin with high-protein gels, however later extra standard meals, which would possibly have allowed them to begin hanging on just a little weight earlier than popping out.

Have been they at nighttime the entire time?

More often than not. They went in with reasonable torches, which do not need lasted lengthy. It’s most likely they have been at nighttime for lots of the first 9 days in their ordeal.

When they have been discovered a Thai military physician and no less than 3 divers stayed with them, provided with excellent torches. Even in order that they have been most commonly at nighttime, and needed to put on sun shades once they have been first introduced out.

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Thai Army SEALs/Getty Pictures

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Rescuers introduced them meals, mild and letters from their oldsters to lend a hand them cope

Have been they sedated in anyway?

The Thai government are being very coy about this.

High Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha mentioned that they had been flippantly sedated. However the BBC has spoken to quite a lot of other folks concerned within the operation who say the lads have been closely sedated, and simplest semi-conscious.

The good judgment for this will be the concern their rescuers had that they might panic when dressed in diving apparatus for the primary time in darkness and swirling cave water, endangering the lives of them all.

The 2 British cave divers who led the rescue effort, John Volanthen and Richard Stanton, are believed to have requested for Australian Richard Harris, a cave diver and anaesthetician, to lend a hand in making ready the lads.

  • How the Thai boys have been rescued
  • The heroes who stored the Wild Boars

How they carried semi-conscious or very drowsy boys in the course of the technically difficult early phases of the adventure out, with a large number of diving in slender passages, we have no idea.

Now and then they will were strapped to a diver’s frame. Later they have been strapped directly to a stretcher and suspended from a rope pulley machine hooked up to the cave roof.

All the operation was once complicated, leading edge and really daring. Not anything adore it has been tried earlier than. A few of the ones concerned described the duties undertaken via the core divers, who carried the lads out, as superhuman.

Who has paid for this operation?

The Thai executive, for many of it.

It’s most likely that the contribution via different international locations, just like the 30 US air drive workforce who went to lend a hand, would were funded via their very own governments as a gesture of fine will.

Many Thai companies supported with shipping and meals. Thai Airlines and Bangkok Airlines introduced loose flights to one of the overseas divers coming in.

1531035717 409 thailand cave rescue mission to save boys under way - Cave rescue: Key questions answered

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Media captionThailand cave rescue: Meet the volunteer helpers

May just the Thais have accomplished this on their very own?

No, and few international locations may just. Cave diving is an overly specialized ability, and professional cave rescuers are even rarer.

Thailand was once lucky that an skilled caver Vern Unsworth has explored the Tham Luang cave complicated widely, and lives within reach.

He was once at the scene the day after the lads disappeared, and instructed that the Thai executive had to invite professional divers from different international locations to lend a hand.

  • The Brits at the back of the Thai cave boys seek
  • Because it came about – Thai cave rescue

The Thai army divers who went down to begin with struggled, as a result of each their enjoy and gear have been for sea diving, which may be very other. They have been pushed out of the caves via swiftly emerging flood water, and discovering the lads gave the impression a hopeless motive.

As soon as overseas divers arrived, from many various international locations, the Thai government allowed them to plan first the hunt, after which the vastly complicated rescue. It was once an enormous logistical operation involving masses of other folks, development information rope and pulley techniques, setting up energy and conversation cables.

It’s to Thailand’s credit score that it was once organised so smartly, and there was once no try to diminish the overseas contribution.

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